When a person is nauseous, he or she typically has a troubled and uncomfortable sensation in their upper stomach and head. This is often accompanied with a strong urge to vomit. Nausea itself is not a medical illness, but merely a symptom or sign of an underlying condition. In early pregnancy, many women experience nausea with morning sickness. Nausea can also be a side effect from a certain stimulus, such as chemotherapy and anesthesia.
Diarrhea is the frequent passing of liquid or soft stools. It is often accompanied by abdominal cramps and a fever. Acute diarrhea has a quick onset and can last over a week. Chronic diarrhea lasts for an extended period of time. Children who develop diarrhea are more prone to complications because they become dehydrated more easily.
What causes nausea and diarrhea?
As we have previously stated, nausea and diarrhea are typically symptoms of an underlying medical condition. They can manifest due to certain environmental factors or as the result of a medical condition.
Environmental: Eating contaminated food or fluid can result in food poisoning. Symptoms typically manifest within 48 hours of consuming the contaminated substance, and include diarrhea, fever, nausea, sweating, and abdominal cramps. Individuals who are lactose intolerant can experience nausea and diarrhea if they eat food with lactose (dairy products) since their body cannot properly digest it. Other food allergies can also result in diarrhea and nausea. These allergies often include fish, nuts, eggs, and shell fish allergies. Symptoms include itching, swelling, diarrhea, nausea, and sweating, wheezing, and abdominal cramps.
Medical conditions: Viral Gastroenteritis is perhaps the most common cause of both nausea and diarrhea. This condition is the inflammation of the stomach lining and intestines, and can be caused by a number of different viruses. The virus, which can last up to three days, causes nausea, chills, a headache, nausea, fever, sweating, and abdominal pain. Viral Gastroenteritis can cause quite severe diarrhea, which can result in dehydration if adequate amounts fluids are not ingested. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can also cause diarrhea. The cause of this condition remains unknown, but it causes cramps, constipation, diarrhea, and bloating.
Home remedies for nausea and diarrhea
- Recline on a bed or sofa with your head propped up by a pillow. This position can aid in relieving nausea. If you feel like you are going to vomit, make sure you position a bucket close to your bed.
- Avoid eating for a short period of time. Eating while nauseous can aggravate the symptom and make you more likely to vomit.
- Drink a carbonated beverage. Fizzy drinks can help relieve nausea, so try to sip at a carbonated water or ginger ale. .
- Drink plenty of fluids. Diarrhea can result in dehydration, so it is important that you replenish your body with plenty of fluids to counteract its effects. Fluids can also aid in relieving nausea.
- Retreat to a nice dark, quiet, cool room for a while. Smells, sounds, and harsh lights can aggravate nausea.
Washing your hands after going to the bathroom, interacting with pets, and before food preparation can help prevent the spread of germs. Use warm or hot water and soap and wash them for at least 20 seconds. You should also keep your bathroom and kitchen in a clean state, especially the toilet and sink. A clean bathroom and kitchen will help reduce the risk of germs from accumulating and spreading. If you are visiting a foreign country, try to only use water that is bottled and not from the tap, and also avoid drinks that have ice floating in it, as you do not know where this ice came from.
When should you see a doctor?
Though nausea and diarrhea normally resolve on their own, a doctors appointment may be necessary. If you experience any of the following you should contact a doctor immediately:
- You are experiencing the tell-tale signs of dehydration. These include a dry mouth, decreased urine output, weakness, dry eyes, and light-headedness. Dehydration is a serious and severe condition if not promptly treated.
- Severe abdominal cramps
- Rectal pain
- Blood in the stool or urine
- A high temperature
- Your baby is irritable, sleepy, and has a sunken abdomen and eyes.
- Anti-nausea and anti-diarrhea medication can be quite effective in reducing or eliminating nausea and diarrhea. These medications can be purchased from a pharmacy or may require a prescription. Before taking any medications, it is important that you read the instructions thoroughly.
- While you have diarrhea, it is important that you monitor your hydration..If you experience dehydration, it is important that you see a doctor immediately.